Eyelid Surgery: What You Need To Know
Eyelid surgery, medically known as a blepharoplasty, is a popular type of cosmetic surgery used to change the look and shape of the eyelids. This could be the eyelids. The procedure is normally performed to remove any excess tissue and skin from the eyelid region. It also involves adjusting and smoothing subsurface eyelid muscles. Eyelid surgery helps to create a better foundation for eyelid tissue, to help correct droopy eyelids and eliminate the appearance of puffiness under the eyes.
We have put together this guide for anyone weighing eyelid surgery so that you have the needed information for understanding and preparing for an eyelid procedure. In this guide, we will take a look at the cause of common eyelid problems, who makes a solid candidate for a blepharoplasty, what the procedure involves, and the recovery process.
Types of Eyelid Surgery
More commonly known as eyelid lift surgery, blepharoplasty is a procedure that can help to correct sagging, puffy, or fatigued eyes. This is accomplished through the removal of excess skin and fat from both eyelids. The blepharoplasty surgery can be performed for purely aesthetic reasons or to enhance eyesight by correcting droopy eyelids that obscure the field of vision of the patient.
Ptosis is a form of surgery used for the correction of droopy eyelids whenever tissue supporting the lid is gradually stretched due to aging, injury, or wear and tear. Patients who get this type of surgery typically have obstructed vision due to their upper eyelids drooping and covering the pupil.
Entropion is a condition where the lower eyelids turn inward and leads to skin and eyelashes rubbing against the cornea. Dry eyes and irritation are the most common symptoms of entropion. This condition is typically caused by the aging process; additional causes include trauma, scarring, chemical injury, or surgical complications.
Causes of Eyelid Problems
Getting older leads to a natural loss of skin elasticity due to the breakdown of skin components called collagen and elastin. Since your face is more exposed to the environment, it is typically the first part of your body to display signs of aging like a loss of skin elasticity.
The skin surrounding your eyes is extremely delicate and thin; as a result, it typically begins showing signs of aging before the rest of your facial skin. When the skin around your eyes begins losing its elasticity, it starts stretching, causing the appearance of stretched skin around your eyes. This is noticeable as the development of droopy eyelids. Your vision can even be obscured when your upper eyelids begin sagging too much.
The effect is somewhat different with the lower eyelids. Visible signs of aging here include tiny fat deposits that pile up over the eye socket. This can lead to the appearance of a bulge of skin after a loss of elasticity with the lower eyelid skin. These are commonly called “bags.”
Good Candidates for Eyelid Surgery
Eyelid surgery is a fairly straightforward surgical procedure that takes place on an outpatient basis. It is appropriate for anyone who is in good overall health and needs some anti-aging around their eyes. Both men and women from any ethnic background make good candidates for eyelid surgery.
If you are over the age of 35, we typically recommend a blepharoplasty procedure, since this is the age when the eyelid normally begins displaying symptoms of aging. Some individuals may want to have a blepharoplasty at an earlier age because they have a family history of severe bags and droopy eyelids.
Before you undergo a blepharoplasty, Dr. Antún will carefully examine your eye structure and face to offer information about what you should expect from your procedure. You should thoughtfully consider any information that he provides to make sure that this type of surgery is the best choice for you.
Although most individuals make good candidates for blepharoplasty, this surgery is not for everyone. Individuals with certain types of eye conditions may not be appropriate candidates. Other factors that could impact the decision to go forward with this type of surgery are eye conditions like glaucoma and dry eyes. Be sure to inform Dr. Antún of any medical conditions that you have.
What To Expect
Although different types of surgeries have varying procedural details, most eyelid surgeries proceed with the application of a local anesthetic to the eyelids, along with the creation of several small incisions around each eyelid. Most incisions can be hidden within eyelid folds to minimize scarring.
If you are getting an upper blepharoplasty, Dr. Antún will form incisions in the upper eyelid crease. For a lower blepharoplasty, incisions are formed under the lash line of your lower eyelid. After incisions have been made, Dr. Antún will remove any excess skin, tissue or fat. He will then seal your incisions using small sutures. The entire procedure normally takes around two hours.
After Your Surgery
Keep your head elevated and apply a cold compress to the treated area to minimize bruising and swelling. Any discomfort can be taken care of using over-the-counter pain medication. You should be able to resume regular activities within three or four days after your eyelid surgery.